ILRI assessed the response to the 2008-2009 drought in six arid and semi arid land districts in Kenya. This report to the European Union Delegation to the Republic of Kenya characterizes the severity of that drought and reviews how well its impacts were forecasted in the Early Warning Bulletins (EWB). Satellite imagery, detecting failures in rangeland up greening, revealed that the 2008-2009 drought had been most severe in Kajiado and Laikipia. These emergencies were not reflected by the EWB warning stages. Recommendations are given to improve the EWB forecasting capacity.
The report provides a systematic report of 474 livestock based interventions carried out during the 2008 2009 drought in the six districts. It reviews the timeliness, effectiveness, the livelihood implications and the appropriateness of these interventions and assesses to what extent local communities had been involved in their development and implementation. The report shows that the number of livestock related interventions and the funding associated to this has increased considerably compared to the interventions carried out during the 2000 drought. Some of the interventions were considered ineffective and inappropriate, and the report advises on which livestock related interventions to implement during drought.
The report then provides a checklist of advised livestock based interventions in different scenarios and provides guidelines for effective monitoring and evaluation. The report further provides advice on commercial destocking during drought and reviews the need to develop climate change adaptation strategies in relation to the existing National Drought Management System.
The findings of these reviews and assessments have been used to develop a number of recommendations aiming to improve the effectiveness of the drought management intervention cycle. Finally, the effectiveness of the drought response intervention cycle is constrained by a number of policy constraints. The report identifies these and recommends addressing them.
To read the full report, click here