In Pakistan, most farmers have mixed goat breeds without clear breeding objectives; thus the expected genetic improvements are rather arbitrary. The AIP-Livestock project provided two pure Beetal (Makhi-Cheeni) bucks to the local community at Chak 93DB to improve productivity and income from goat production.
Five farmers’ goat flocks were involved in this breeding exercise. The breeding strategy (including breeding season, supplemental feeding for breeding stock, keeping a breeding record) and the use of two quality bucks was compared with the use of local mixed Beetal bucks by five farmers (having 20-30 goats each).
Breeding was initiated in November 2015 and the kids were born in April 2016. The birth weight of kids sired by quality bucks was higher (2.2 kg) as compared to kids sired by local bucks (1.5 kg). The kidding percentage was higher (84%) in properly managed flocks compared with local practices (78%).
Initially published in the AIP Newsletter – A Newsletter of the Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP) for Pakistan, Volume 3, Issue 2, April-June 2016. AIP-Livestock is led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in partnership with the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). For feedback and queries, contact Ibrahim Mohammed (ILRI): firstname.lastname@example.org